Body image and physical activity among black university students in South Africa

SOURCE: African Journal for Physical, Health Education, Recreation and Dance (AJPHERD)
OUTPUT TYPE: Journal Article
PUBLICATION YEAR: 2003
TITLE AUTHOR(S): K.Peltzer
KEYWORDS: BODY IMAGE, HEALTH, PHYSICAL ACTIVITY, UNIVERSITY STUDENTS
DEPARTMENT: Social Aspects of Public Health (SAPH)
Print: HSRC Library: shelf number 2649

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Abstract

The purpose of this research is to identify and understand factors of body image influencing physical exercise behaviour among black South African women and men. There were 289 participants, 189 women and 100 men chosen from non-health sciences courses in a class setting. Results indicated that more than a third if the participants indicated that they had engaged three or more times a week in vigorous physical activity. More than one third of the women were overweight or obese and a quarter of the men were underweight. Physical activity was strongly associated with appearance evaluation, fitness orientation, fitness evaluation, health orientation and illness orientation. BMI was associated with overweight preoccupation and self classified weight. Fitness orientation, health evaluation and body areas satisfaction were associated with ideal weight preferences.