HIV risk exposure among young children: a study of 2-9 year olds served by public health facilities in the Free State, South Africa

OUTPUT TYPE: Monograph (Book)
PUBLICATION YEAR: 2005
TITLE AUTHOR(S): O.Shisana, S.Mehtar, T.Mosala, N.Zungu-Dirwayi, T.Rehle, P.Dana, M.Colvin, W.Parker, C.Connolly, R.Dunbar, F.Gxamza
KEYWORDS: CHILDREN, FREE STATE PROVINCE, HEALTH SERVICES, HIV/AIDS, PUBLIC HEALTH
DEPARTMENT: Social Aspects of Public Health (SAPH)
Web link: http://www.hsrcpress.ac.za/full_title_info.asp?id=2089
Print: HSRC Library: shelf number 3353

If you would like to obtain a copy of this Research Output, please contact Hanlie Baudin at researchoutputs@hsrc.ac.za.

Abstract

South Africa has, until now, focused its HIV prevention efforts on youth and adults, and now needs to expand its focus to include children. Much is already known about vertical transmission, which is the dominant mode of HIV transmission among children. However, little investigation has been done into the potential for horizontal transmission of HIV on the population below reproductive age. This report focuses on children aged 2-9 years and, using a combination of quantitative and qualitative methods, presents evidence on the potential for HIV transmission in dental, maternity and paediatric services in public health facilities. A new finding concerns the practice of shared breastfeeding.