Epidemiological measurement of children's and adolescents' exposure to community violence: working with the current state of the sciences

SOURCE: Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review
OUTPUT TYPE: Journal Article
PUBLICATION YEAR: 2005
TITLE AUTHOR(S): R.Brandt, C.L.Ward, A.Dawes, A.J.Flisher
KEYWORDS: ADOLESCENTS, CHILDREN, COMMUNITY VIOLENCE
DEPARTMENT: Human and Social Development (HSD)
Print: HSRC Library: shelf number 3478

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Abstract

A number of measures have been used in epidemiological studies of children's exposure to community violence, yet the quality of these instruments is not uniformly good. This paper undertakes a systematic review of the most commonly used (or most promising) self-report or interview-administered instruments, with regard to their conceptual bases and psychometric properties. Based on the review, recommendations are made with regard to working with the current state of the science in order to move the field forward. A key recommendation is for sounder conceptualization of work in the field and greater transparency in the reporting of research, in order to facilitate the comparability of studies.