Building protective factors to offset sexually risky behaviors among black youths: a randomized control trial

SOURCE: Journal of the National Medical Association
OUTPUT TYPE: Journal Article
PUBLICATION YEAR: 2008
TITLE AUTHOR(S): C.C.Bell, A.Bhana, I.Petersen, M.M.McKay, R.Gibbons, W.Bannon, A.Amatya
KEYWORDS: CHAMP PROGRAMME, HIV/AIDS, RISK BEHAVIOUR, SEXUAL BEHAVIOUR, YOUTH
DEPARTMENT: Human and Social Development (HSD)
Print: HSRC Library: shelf number 5401

If you would like to obtain a copy of this Research Output, please contact Hanlie Baudin at researchoutputs@hsrc.ac.za.

Abstract

The objective of this study was to test the effectiveness of the CHAMP among black South Africans in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. A randomized control trial was conducted in KwaDedangendlale, South Africa, among youths (ages 9-13) and their families (245 intervention families rearing 281 children and 233 control families rearing 298 children). The CHAMPSA intervention targeted HIV risk behaviors by strengthening family relationship processes as well as targeting peer influences through enhancing social problem solving and peer negotiation skills for youths. Results: Among caregivers in the control and experimental conditions, significant intervention group differences were revealed regarding HIV transmission knowledge, less stigma toward HIV-infected people, caregiver monitoring-family rules, caregiver communication comfort, caregiver communication frequency and social networks. Among youths, data revealed that control and experimental groups were significantly different for children in AIDS transmission knowledge and less stigma toward HIV-infected people. Conclusions: CHAMPSA enhances a significant number individual, family and community protective factors that can help youths avoid risky behaviors leading to HIV-positive status.