Perceived HIV/AIDS prevalence, burden, and risk, Cape Town, South Africa

SOURCE: American Journal of Health Behavior
OUTPUT TYPE: Journal Article
PUBLICATION YEAR: 2008
TITLE AUTHOR(S): S.C.Kalichman, L.C.Simbayi, D.Cain, S.Jooste
KEYWORDS: CAPE TOWN, EPIDEMIOLOGY, HIV/AIDS, HIV/AIDS PREVALENCE, RISK BEHAVIOUR, SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED INFECTIONS
DEPARTMENT: Social Aspects of Public Health (SAPH)
Print: HSRC Library: shelf number 5569

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Abstract

This article examines perceived HIV prevalence and disease burden in high-risk adults in Cape Town, South Africa. A convenience sample of 793 males and 188 female sexually transmitted infection clinic patients completed anonymous surveys. The results indicated that the individuals who saw themselves at greater risk for HIV/AIDS also perceived greater local HIV prevalence. Participants presented extremely distorted views of local HIV prevalence that exceed the reality in Cape Town. Perceiving greater local AIDS burden was independently associated with condom use. Interventions that accurately place local AIDS burden in the contact of places with relatively lower burden may activate protective motivations.