Social support and suicide risk among secondary school students in Cape Town, South Africa

SOURCE: Psychological Reports
OUTPUT TYPE: Journal Article
PUBLICATION YEAR: 2008
TITLE AUTHOR(S): K.Peltzer
KEYWORDS: CAPE TOWN, SCHOOLS, SECONDARY EDUCATION, SUICIDE
DEPARTMENT: Human and Social Capabilities (HSC)
Print: HSRC Library: shelf number 5621

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Abstract

The aim of this study was to investigate social support including daily activities in a sample of secondary school students at low and high risk for suicide in Cape Town, South Africa. The sample included 1,157 students. The racial background was mainly colored with a minority of black, white, Asian and Indian students. Bivariate analyses showed low risk more that high suicide risk students reported significantly more teacher support, peer support, parental support, and personal control. Stepwise logistic regression indicated for boys none of the four social support variables and personal control associated with suicide risk, while for girls lack of peer and parental support were associated with high suicide risk. Among eight different activities, only for girls was lack of social activities associated with high suicide risk. Interventions influencing the posited mediating variables, i.e. social support resources, and personal life skills competencies, should be enhanced.