Food security definitions, measurements and recent initiatives in South and southern Africa

OUTPUT TYPE: Research report- client
PUBLICATION YEAR: 2009
TITLE AUTHOR(S): T.Hart
KEYWORDS: FOOD SECURITY, NUTRITION, SOUTHERN AFRICA, SUBSISTENCE FARMING
DEPARTMENT: Economic Perfomance and Development (EPD)
Print: HSRC Library: shelf number 5817

If you would like to obtain a copy of this Research Output, please contact Hanlie Baudin at researchoutputs@hsrc.ac.za.

Abstract

This paper reviews the international debate on food security and notes how this has changed during the past thirty years, culminating in a more robust but nuanced way of understanding and measuring the dynamics of food security. The paper then looks at the various challenges faced in Southern Africa and the recent attempts to develop ways to address these challenges. This is followed by a discussion of food security in South Africa, which opens with consideration of the research difficulties, especially the multiple methods and instruments that are used to determine the levels of food security in South Africa. The paper then focuses on the Integrated Food Security Strategy in South Africa and looks at how this is being implemented. The focus is largely on the achievements to date, and on some of the more pressing constraints encountered in the implementation of the strategy at various levels. The paper concludes with some suggestions for the way forward with regard to more integrated future research, and the need for closer collaboration among the parties contributing to improved food security in South Africa.