Only skin deep: limitations of public health understanding of male circumcision in South Africa

SOURCE: South African Medical Journal
OUTPUT TYPE: Journal Article
PUBLICATION YEAR: 2009
TITLE AUTHOR(S): B.Sithole, L.Mbhele, H.Van Rooyen, G.Khumalo-Sakutukwa, L.Richter
KEYWORDS: HIV/AIDS, MALE CIRCUMCISION, PUBLIC HEALTH
DEPARTMENT: Human and Social Development (HSD)
Print: HSRC Library: shelf number 5990

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Abstract

The recent randomised controlled trials in South Africa, Uganda and Kenya which showed the dramatic impact of adult male circumcision (MC) on HIV transmission have dominated HIV/AIDS public health discourse over the past few years. Several authors in the October 2008 SAMJ cautioned against widespread implementation of MC as a prevention intervention. More evidence on the acceptability and effectiveness of male circumcision is required to support the scale-up effort. Particularly in non-circumcising communities, traditional cultural views will influence circumcision's uptake and acceptability.