From buoyancy to crisis, 1980-1997

SOURCE: Becoming Zimbabwe: a history from the pre-colonial period to 2008
OUTPUT TYPE: Chapter in Monograph
TITLE AUTHOR(S): J.Muzondidya
SOURCE EDITOR(S): B.Raftopoulos, A.S.Mlambo
DEPARTMENT: Developmental, Capable and Ethical State (DCES)
Print: HSRC Library: shelf number 6048
HANDLE: 20.500.11910/4623

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Zimbabwe's post-colonial history has become the subject of many interpretations. This chapter examines the changes in the history of the country from the years of economic buoyancy and politics of reconciliation in the early 1980s, through the crisis of unity in the Gukurahundi period up to the crisis of the state in the late 1990s. The main themes addresses are contestations over the restructuring and reconfiguration of the state after 1980; processes of rule and state-making; questions of justice and equity with regard to land and resource ownership and redistribution; and issues of nationhood and citizenship in the post-colonial state. The chapter begins by focusing on the political economy of Zimbabwe in the first decade of independence, and then reviews the changing nature of the state, politics and society within the context of the economic hardships of the 1990s.