Approaches to HIV counselling and testing: strengths and weaknesses, and challenges for the way forward

SOURCE: HIV/AIDS in South Africa 25 years on: psychosocial perspectives
OUTPUT TYPE: Chapter in Monograph
PUBLICATION YEAR: 2009
TITLE AUTHOR(S): H.Van Rooyen, L.Richter, T.J.Coates, M.Boettiger
SOURCE EDITOR(S): P.Rohleder, L.Swartz, S.C.Kalichman, L.C.Simbayi
KEYWORDS: HIV TESTING AND COUNSELLING (HTC), HIV/AIDS
DEPARTMENT: Human and Social Development (HSD)
Print: HSRC Library: shelf number 6216

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Abstract

South Africa has the highest rates of HIV infection of any country in the world. Once an individual has been tested for HIV, prevention can be reinforced and referral made to available treatment, care and support services. A potential added benefit is that increasing the number of people who know their HIV status through expanded access to HIV counselling and testing may also result in a decrease in HIV-related stigma, leading to a "normalisation" of the HIV epidemic.