The development of harmonized minimum standards for guidance on HIV testing and counselling and Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission of HIV in the SADC region: PMTCT country report: South Africa

OUTPUT TYPE: Research report- other
PUBLICATION YEAR: 2010
TITLE AUTHOR(S): V.U.Agu
KEYWORDS: HIV TESTING AND COUNSELLING (HTC), HIV/AIDS, PREVENTION OF MOTHER TO CHILD TRANSMISSION (PMTCT) PROGRAMME
DEPARTMENT: Social Aspects of Public Health (SAPH)
Intranet: HSRC Library: shelf number 6313

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Abstract

Using data drawn for various sources, Rehle et al. (in press) summarised the HIV and PMTCT situation in South Africa as follows. In South Africa, HIV prevalence surveillance among pregnant women attending public health clinics has been conducted on an annual basis since 1990 and served as the primary source for monitoring trends of HIV in the country. HIV prevalence data collected from the latest round of antenatal clinic surveillance suggest that HIV infection levels might be leveling off, with prevalence among pregnant women at 30% in 2005 and 29% in 2006 (Department of Health South Africa, 2007).