The development of harmonized minimum standards for guidance on HIV testing and counselling and Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission of HIV in the SADC region: HTC country report: Mauritius
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According to the Republic of Mauritius UNGASS report (2008), based on 2007 sentinel surveillance data provided by the Ministry of Health and Quality of Life (MOHQL), the total cumulative HIV/AIDS cases for Mauritius amount to 3258, of whom 3107 are residents. Among the residents detected as positive, 2574 are male and 533 female, resulting in a male to female sex ratio of 5:1. Death among residents registered as HIV/AIDS cases, cumulatively as from 1987 to November 2007 amounts to 217 (214 adults and 3 children) thus leaving 2890 (2410 males and 480 females) people living with the virus at present. The HIV/AIDS epidemic in Mauritius is said to be 'concentrated' with estimated adult (15-49 years) prevalence of 1.8%1, and estimated rate of infection among the IDUs ranging from 30% to 60%.
HIV Testing and Counselling services have been extended to all 5 health regions in order to encourage HIV testing among the population in general. Three centres are operational in the district of Port-Louis where there is a higher concentration of most at risk population (MARP). According to Medical Statistics, 43,246 people were tested for HIV in 2007.