Behavioral changes associated with testing HIV-positive among sexually transmitted infection clinic patients in Cape Town, South Africa
If you would like to obtain a copy of this Research Output, please contact Hanlie Baudin at email@example.com.
Objectives. We sought to examine behavioral risks and behavior changes associated with testing HIV-positive among sexually transmitted infection (STI) patients, in order to inform HIV- and STI-prevention interventions. Methods. We performed a cohort study of 29 STI patients who seroconverted from HIV-negative to HIV-positive during 1 year of observation and 77 STI patients who persistently tested HIV-negative. Computerized behavioral interviews were collected at baseline and at 1 year, and STI clinic charts were abstracted over the same 1-year period. Results. The STI patients who reported genital bleeding during sexual activity
at baseline were significantly more likely to test HIV-positive. Reductions in number of sexual partners and rates of unprotected intercourse occurred for all STI clinic patients regardless of whether they tested HIV-positive. Conclusions. Although risk reductions occurred, 5% of HIV-negative STI clinic patients subsequently tested HIV-positive over 1 year. Behavioral risk reduction
interventions are urgently needed for male and female STI clinic patients.
Related Research Outputs:
- A brief HIV risk reduction intervention for male and female patients with a sexually transmitted infection who use alcohol in primary health care clinic in Cape Town, South Africa
- The impact of HIV/AIDS on the health sector: national survey of health personnel, ambulatory and hospitalised patients and health facilities, 2002
- Bush and the global gag rule: trick or treat?
- HIV/AIDS/STD prevention intervention messages: an evaluation of the knowledge, attitudes and beliefs of a rural South African sample
- HIV/AIDS risk reduction counseling for alcohol using sexually transmitted infections clinic patients in Cape Town, South Africa
- Sensation seeking, alcohol use, and sexual behaviours among sexually transmitted infection clinic patients in Cape Town, South Africa
- Coital bleeding and HIV risks among men and women in Cape Town, South Africa
- Perceptions of the combination of HIV/AIDS and alcohol as a risk factor among STI clinic attenders in South Africa: implications for HIV prevention
- Generalizing a model of health behaviour change and AIDS stigma for use with sexually transmitted infection clinic patients in Cape Town, South Africa
- Brief HIV risk reduction intervention for sexually transmitted infection clinic patients who use alcohol in Cape Town
- Why is MCP important in HIV prevention?
- ARV treatment as a possible positive prevention strategy: empirical evidence obtained from a study conducted among PLWHA in Cape Town, South Africa
- Sensation seeking and alcohol use predict HIV transmission risks: prospective study of sexually transmitted infection clinic patients, Cape Town, South Africa
- Perceived HIV/AIDS prevalence, burden, and risk, Cape Town, South Africa
- Randomized trial of a community-based alcohol-related HIV risk-reduction intervention for men and women in Cape Town South Africa
- Perceptions of high-risk sex among men and women attending an STI clinic in Cape Town, South Africa
- The feasibility of implementing a sexual risk reduction intervention in routine clinical practice at an ARV clinic in Cape Town: results of a pilot study
- Positive prevention: experiences of AIDS-related stigma, disclosure and other daily life stressors of people who are aware that they are living with HIV in Cape Town, South Africa
- Heterosexual anal intercourse among community and clinical settings in Cape Town, South Africa
- Condom failure among men receiving sexually transmissible infection clinic services, Cape Town, South Africa