When and how to use assays for recent infection to estimate HIV incidence at a population level

OUTPUT TYPE: Monograph (Book)
PUBLICATION YEAR: 2011
TITLE AUTHOR(S): G.Vercauteren, J.M.G.Calleja, J.Kaldor, J.Micallef, A.Kim, T.McWalter, A.Welte, B.Rodriquez, C.Rousseau, T.Rehle, T.Mastro, M.Busch, G.Murphy, B.Parekh, P.Ghys, E.Gouws, T.Hallett, A.Sands
KEYWORDS: HIV/AIDS PREVALENCE, POPULATION STUDIES, PUBLIC HEALTH
DEPARTMENT: Social Aspects of Public Health (SAPH)
Print: HSRC Library: shelf number 6975

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Abstract

This guideline document first briefly reviews the public health importance of estimating the HIV incidence in populations, and the various methods that have been used for this purpose. It then provides guidance on the way in which laboratory tests for recent HIV infection may be used to estimate HIV incidence in populations, particularly with regard to sampling designs, sample size and the statistical analyses that should be employed.