HIV knowledge, attitudes, and sexual behaviour among tourism workers in Gauteng province, South Africa

SOURCE: Journal of Human Ecology
OUTPUT TYPE: Journal Article
PUBLICATION YEAR: 2011
TITLE AUTHOR(S): L.O.Tajudeen, S.Pengpid, K.Peltzer
KEYWORDS: GAUTENG, HIV/AIDS, RISK BEHAVIOUR, SEXUAL BEHAVIOUR, TOURISM
DEPARTMENT: Social Aspects of Public Health (SAPH)
Print: HSRC Library: shelf number 7044

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Abstract

The aim of this study was to determine tourism workers' knowledge, attitudes, and sexual behaviour related to HIV and AIDS. A survey was administered to tourism workers (n=338) from all the hotels and resorts randomly sampled in Gauteng Province, South Africa. Results indicate a medium level of HIV transmission knowledge and high HIV risk behaviour (lack of condom use, casual and multiple sexual partners). Half of the study participants (49.7%) had made sexual advances or moves to tourists or guests while tourists/guests had also made sexual advances/moves to 55% of the participants. A very large proportion of the participants (82.2 percent) either strongly agreed or agreed that HIV education programmes would help them to get educated about HIV/AIDS. The study confirms high HIV risk behaviour in the tourism sector, willingness to get educated and consequently comprehensive HIV prevention programmes are recommended for tourism workers.