Hazardous and harmful alcohol use and associated factors in tuberculosis public primary care patients in South Africa

SOURCE: Int Environmental Research and Public Health
OUTPUT TYPE: Journal Article
PUBLICATION YEAR: 2012
TITLE AUTHOR(S): K.Peltzer, J.Louw, G.Mchunu, P.Naidoo, G.Matseke, B.Tutshana
KEYWORDS: ADOLESCENT BOYS, DRINKING BEHAVIOUR, PRIMARY HEALTH CARE, RISK BEHAVIOUR, TUBERCULOSIS
DEPARTMENT: Human and Social Capabilities (HSC)
Print: HSRC Library: shelf number 7296

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Abstract

The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of hazardous and harmful alcohol use and associated factors among patients with tuberculosis in South Africa. In a cross-sectional survey new tuberculosis (TB) and TB retreatment patients were consecutively screened using the Alcohol Use Disorder Identification Test (AUDIT) within one month of anti-tuberculosis treatment. The sample included 4,900 (54.5% men and women 45.5%) tuberculosis patients from 42 primary care clinics in three districts. Results indicate that, overall 23.2% of the patients were hazardous or harmful alcohol drinkers, 31.8% of men and 13.0% of women were found to be hazardous drinkers, and 9.3% of men and 3.4% of women meet criteria for probable alcohol dependence (harmful drinking) as defined by the AUDIT. Men had significantly higher AUDIT scores than women. In multivariable analyses it was found that among men poor perceived health status, tobacco use, psychological distress, being a TB retreatment patient and not being on antiretroviral therapy (ART), and among women lower education, tobacco use and being a TB retreatment patient were associated with hazardous or harmful alcohol use. The study found a high prevalence of hazardous or harmful alcohol use among tuberculosis primary