Correlates of condom use among male and female aged 18-24 years in South Africa
If you would like to obtain a copy of this Research Output, please contact Hanlie Baudin at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Condom use is one of the effective means of HIV prevention among sexually active people. Even though HIV incidence has slightly decreased among the youth in South Africa, many young people still expose themselves to sexual risk behaviours. The aim of the study was to investigate factors that are associated with condom use and exposure to loveLife programmes among young people aged 18 to 24 years in South Africa. A cross-sectional population-based household survey in selected provinces in South Africa was conducted using a multi-stage disproportionate stratified cluster sampling approach. The sample (N=2138) used in the analysis for this paper only includes sexually active youth (18-24 years). Among the sexually active youth surveyed it was found that 78.9% reported using a condom at their last sexual intercourse; this was significantly higher among men (85.4%) than women (72.0%). In multivariate analysis, condom use among males was significantly associated with having not agreed with the statement "It is acceptable to have sex with my sex partner even though my partner does not want to", having partner risk reduction self-efficacy, having talked with their partner about condoms in past 12 months, having had two or more sexual partners in the past year and loveLife programme exposure. Among females, condom use was significantly associated with partner risk reduction self-efficacy, and having talked with their partner about condoms in the past 12 months. The findings indicate higher condom use at last sex among young men when compared to women in South Africa. Condom use with non-regular partners is generally high and even higher among men compared to women. However, condom use with transactional partners is very low. Of concern are young men's reported risk behaviours in having multiple partners. loveLife programme exposure has had a positive effect on condom use among young men. Therefore strategies are needed to improve regular condom use among youth with regular and transactional partners and reinforcing regular condom use with non-regular partners.
Related Research Outputs:
- The use of dual or two methods for pregnancy and HIV prevention amongst 18-24-year-olds in a cross-sectional study conducted in South Africa
- HIV epidemic in South Africa: a comparison of HIV epidemic patterns of two extreme provinces in South Africa
- Sexuality of black South African university students in the context of HIV/AIDS
- Rapid appraisal of substance abuse and HIV awareness messages in poster communication to disadvantaged youth in South Africa
- Gender role attitudes and sexual risk
- Building protective factors to offset sexually risky behaviors among black South African youth: a randomized control trial
- Youth voices about sex and AIDS: implications for life skills education through the 'Learning Together' project in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa
- Building protective factors to offset sexually risky behaviors among black youths: a randomized control trial
- Gender role attitudes and sexual risk among adolescents in South Africa
- Age-disparate and intergenerational sex in southern Africa: the dynamics of hypervulnerability
- South African national HIV prevalence, incidence, behaviour and communication survey, 2008: a turning tide among teenagers?
- Behaviour changes in sexual behavioural practices among South African youth
- 'Die mense sal dit nog aanvaar': perceptions of teenage pregnancy in South Africa
- Innovative mobilization strategies for attracting at risk youth and young adults to participate in community-based voluntary counselling and testing in rural Kwa-Zulu Natal, South Africa (Project Accept - HPTN 043)
- Condom failure among men receiving sexually transmissible infection clinic services, Cape Town, South Africa
- HIV and youth: a behavioural perspective
- Safer sexual behaviours after 1 year of antiretroviral treatment in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa: a prospective cohort study
- Book review: Reddy, V., Sandfort, T., Rispel, L. (eds). 2009. From social silence to social science: same-sex sexuality, HIV & AIDS and gender in South Africa: conference proceedings. Cape Town: HSRC Press. 252 pp. ISBN: 978-0-7969-2276-2
- Young South Africans' views on, and perceptions of, abstinence and faithfulness
- Community norms for HIV risk behaviors among men in a South African township