The nutrition transition and adequacy of the diet of pregnant women in Kenya

SOURCE: 2012 International Conference on Nutrition and Food Sciences (IPCBEE) ; vol. 39
OUTPUT TYPE: Chapter in Monograph
PUBLICATION YEAR: 2012
TITLE AUTHOR(S): N.Steyn, W.Parker, J.H.Nel, A.Rosemary, D.Mbithe
KEYWORDS: EATING BEHAVIOUR, KENYA, NUTRITION, PREGNANCY, WEIGHT MANAGEMENT, WOMEN
Print: HSRC Library: shelf number 7689
HANDLE: 20.500.11910/3002

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Abstract

The aim of this chapter is to assess the nutritional adequacy of the diet of pregnant women in Kenya. A nationally representative sample of women aged 15 years (N=1061) was assessed in Kenya. A sub-sample of pregnant women (N=53) were randomly included in the group and their data is presented here. A 24-hour dietary recall was conducted with each participant and dietary diversity score (DDS), food variety score (FVS) and mean nutrient adequacy ratio (MAR) were calculated. The results mean energy, protein, fibre, calcium and zinc intakes were below the recommended allowances (RDA). Very low mean intakes were also recorded for vitamin D, niacin, folate and vitamin B6. Fat and carbohydrate intakes exceeded the RDA. The dietary pattern showed aspects of the nutrition transition, namely a high fat, low fibre, and high carbohydrate intake as well as typical aspects associated with food insecurity, namely low energy and protein intakes, and a low dietary diversity.