Releasing the transformative power of urbanisation

SOURCE: HSRC Review
OUTPUT TYPE: Journal Article
PUBLICATION YEAR: 2013
TITLE AUTHOR(S): I.Turok
KEYWORDS: URBAN RENEWAL AND DEVELOPMENT (URD)
Web link: http://www.hsrc.ac.za/en/review/hsrc-review-july-2013/releasing-the-transformative-power-of-urbanisation#sthash.Ug0bO6OL.dpuf
Intranet: HSRC Library: shelf number 7992
HANDLE: 20.500.11910/2723
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11910/2723

If you would like to obtain a copy of this Research Output, please contact Hanlie Baudin at researchoutputs@hsrc.ac.za.

Abstract

The relationship between urbanisation and development points to a crucial issue of our time. The urban population of low- and middle-income countries is expected to double from two to four billion between 2000 and 2030. Burgeoning urban populations in Africa and Asia contribute to congestion, squalid living conditions, the spread of communicable diseases and stressed ecosystems. If urban labour markets cannot absorb the expanding workforce, writes Ivan Turok, escalating poverty and hardship may spark social unrest and violence. More than three quarters of governments around the world are apprehensive about urbanisation and as such, have a range of explicit or implicit policies in place to discourage people from moving to cities. The United Nations, meanwhile, is increasingly concerned about anti-urban sentiments among governments and their reactive, fire-fighting approach to informal settlements.