Improving PMTCT uptake in rural South Africa

SOURCE: Journal of the International Association of Providers of AIDS Care (JIAPAC)
OUTPUT TYPE: Journal Article
PUBLICATION YEAR: 2013
TITLE AUTHOR(S): S.M.Weiss, K.Peltzer, O.Villar-Loubet, M.E.Shikwane, R.Cook, D.L.Jones
KEYWORDS: MEN, PREVENTION OF MOTHER TO CHILD TRANSMISSION (PMTCT) PROGRAMME, RURAL COMMUNITIES
DEPARTMENT: Human and Social Capabilities (HSC)
Print: HSRC Library: shelf number 8083
HANDLE: 20.500.11910/2573

If you would like to obtain a copy of this Research Output, please contact Hanlie Baudin at researchoutputs@hsrc.ac.za.

Abstract

Despite the widespread availability of prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) programs, many women in sub-Saharan Africa do not participate in PMTCT. This pilot study aimed to utilize partner participation in an intervention to support PMTCT uptake. Couples (n = 239) were randomized to receive either a comprehensive couples-based PMTCT intervention or the standard of care. Compared to the standard of care, participants receiving the intervention increased HIV- and PMTCT-related knowledge and uptake of PMTCT, as defined by infant medication dosing. Results indicate that increasing male attendance at antenatal clinic visits may be "necessary but not sufficient" to increase PMTCT uptake. Increasing HIV knowledge of both partners and encouraging active male participation in the PMTCT process through psychoeducational interventions may be a strategy to increase the uptake of PMTCT in South Africa.