Depression and associated factors among university students in western Nigeria

SOURCE: Journal of Psychology in Africa
OUTPUT TYPE: Journal Article
PUBLICATION YEAR: 2013
TITLE AUTHOR(S): K.Peltzer, S.Pengpid, S.Olowu
KEYWORDS: NIGERIA, RISK BEHAVIOUR, UNIVERSITY STUDENTS
DEPARTMENT: Human and Social Capabilities (HSC)
Print: HSRC Library: shelf number 8114

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Abstract

The aim of this study was to determine the associations between depression, sociodemographic, social and health variables among undergraduate students of Obafemi Awolowo University in Nigeria. A cross-sectional survey was conducted with undergraduate students that were recruited randomly from classes. The sample included 820 university students (54.3% men and 45.7% women), with a mean age of 22.3 years (SD=3.1). Results indicate a prevalence of 7.0% severe depression and 25.2% moderate to severe depression. In multivariate logistic regression lack of social support, having screened positive for PTSD and having a moderate to severe sleeping problem were associated with depression. Considerable rates of depression were found. Several risk factors including comorbidity (PTSD and sleeping problems) and lack of social support were identified which can be utilized in guiding interventions.