Education in exile: the African National Congress's Solomon Mahlangu Freedom College (SOMAFCO) and Dakawa Development Centre in Tanzania: 1978-1992

SOURCE: The history of education under apartheid 1948-1994: the doors of learning and culture shall be opened
OUTPUT TYPE: Chapter in Monograph
PUBLICATION YEAR: 2002
TITLE AUTHOR(S): S.F.Morrow, B.Maaba, L.Pulumani
SOURCE EDITOR(S): P.Kallaway
KEYWORDS: HISTORY OF EDUCATION, SOMAFCO, TANZANIA
DEPARTMENT: Developmental, Capable and Ethical State (DCES)
Print: HSRC Library: shelf number 1974
HANDLE: 20.500.11910/8942

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Abstract

This chapter looks at ANC education in exile, and, specifically, at the movement's educational experiments in Tanzania at the Solomon Mahlangu Freedom College (SOMAFCO), at Mazimbu, near Morogoro, and at Dakawa, sixty kilometers to the North. It notes the movement's breadth of vision and humanitarianism as reflected in its concern with education in the midst of a revolutionary struggle. However, it also describes the warping effect of exile and of a necessary but confining militancy, where ANC schooling in Tanzania was used for propaganda as well as educational purposes. This, in turn, impacted on educational practice, making it difficult to admit problems or wrong turnings; it bred, it might be said, an element of duplicity in a number of fields.