Prehypertension and associated factors among university students in the Philippines
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Prehypertension is a new category of blood pressure, and is considered a cardiovascular risk factor. The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of prehypertension and its associated factors in young adults in the Philippines. Undergraduate university students from all areas of study in the University of the Philippines-Visayas were invited to participate. Prehypertension was defined as systolic blood pressure between 120 and 139 mm Hg and/or diastolic blood pressure between 80 and 89 mm Hg. Blood pressure, anthropometric, health behavior, and psychosocial stress variables were measured. A total of 754 university students were included in the analysis. Prehypertension prevalence was 13.9% (36.1% in men, 6.8% in women), and hypertension prevalence was 2.4%. The condition of prehypertension was associated with body mass index obesity, male gender, living off campus on their own, living with parents or guardians, and 19 years of age. One out of every 7 young adults presented with prehypertension. This condition is associated with established risk factors.