Cannabis use and its social correlates among in-school adolescents in Algeria, Morocco, Palestine, Peru, and Tonga

SOURCE: Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences
OUTPUT TYPE: Journal Article
PUBLICATION YEAR: 2014
TITLE AUTHOR(S): K.Peltzer, S.Pengpid
KEYWORDS: ADOLESCENTS, ALGERIA, CANNABIS, MOROCCO, PALESTINE, PERU, SCHOOL CHILDREN, TONGA
DEPARTMENT: Human and Social Capabilities (HSC)
Print: HSRC Library: shelf number 8221
HANDLE: 20.500.11910/2433
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11910/2433

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Abstract

The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of cannabis use and associated factors among school-going adolescents in Algeria, Morocco, Peru, Palestine and Tonga. Using data from the Global School-Based Student Health Survey (GSHS), we assessed the prevalence of cannabis use and social correlates among adolescents (N=15226). The overall lifetime cannabis use was 3.2% and current cannabis use was 2.6%. Lifetime and current cannabis use was higher in Tonga (7.5% and 6.8%, respectively) than in any other of the five study countries. Variables positively associated with the outcome in multivariable analysis were male gender, poverty (went hungry), current smoking, having been in a physical fight, had an injury, and frequent consumption of fast food. Efforts to prevent and control cannabis use may need to address a cluster of risk behaviours, in particular cigarette smoking.