South Africa's tortured urbanisation and the complications of reconstruction

SOURCE: Urban growth in emerging economies: lessons from the BRICS
OUTPUT TYPE: Chapter in Monograph
PUBLICATION YEAR: 2014
TITLE AUTHOR(S): I.Turok
SOURCE EDITOR(S): G.McGranahan, G.Martine
KEYWORDS: CITIES, URBANISATION
Print: HSRC Library: shelf number 8224

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Abstract

The purpose of this chapter is to review the historical trajectory of urbanisation and its implications for contemporary South African society. There is a particular focus on the triangular relationship among urbanisation, economic development and social inequality because this has been an enduring bone of contention in government policy towards cities. The chapter is organised essentially in two parts: the first discussed the controversial history of urban growth and the way it is was shaped by state policy. The second explores the impact of this inheritance on current patterns of poverty and development and the challenges involved in reversing this legacy to create more equitable and efficient cities.