The forgotten fifty percent: a review of sexual and reproductive health research and programs focused on boys and young men in Sub-Saharan Africa

SOURCE: African Journal of Reproductive Health
OUTPUT TYPE: Journal Article
PUBLICATION YEAR: 2001
TITLE AUTHOR(S): C.A.Varga
KEYWORDS: BOYS, HEALTH, HIV/AIDS, MEN, SEXUAL BEHAVIOUR, SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA
DEPARTMENT: Human and Social Development (HSD)
Intranet: HSRC Library: shelf number 1596

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Abstract

This paper reviews existing literature on sexual and reproductive health research and programming among boys and young men in sub-Saharan Africa. While there is growing body literature on adolescent and young adult women, much less is known about male sexual and reproductive health and its potential connection to well being, and in particular the risk of contracting and spreading HIV/AIDS infection are heavily influences by socio-cultural factors and societal norms, and that gender and sexuality are among the most powerful of these elements. In keeping with this perspective, potential gaps in the literature are identified using a modification of Dixon-Mueller's framework, which illustrates how sexuality and gender influence reproductive health outcomes. The framework focuses on several interrelated elements of sexuality - sexual partnerships, sexual acts, sexual meaning, sexual drives and enjoyment, and sexual knowledge and awareness.