Making HIV testing services for children appropriate, accessible and available: key policy considerations

OUTPUT TYPE: Policy briefs
PUBLICATION YEAR: 2015
TITLE AUTHOR(S): H.Van Rooyen, A.Strode
KEYWORDS: CHILD WELL-BEING, CHILDREN, HEALTH SERVICE EXPENDITURE, HIV TESTING AND COUNSELLING (HTC), HIV/AIDS
DEPARTMENT: Social Aspects of Public Health (SAPH)
Intranet: HSRC Library: shelf number 8511

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Abstract

Background and context: The HIV epidemic in South Africa is substantial, with almost 3.3 million children under the age of 15 living with HIV (UNAIDS 2012). HIV testing rates are low among this group, with only 30% of infected children and adolescents accessing antiretroviral treatment (ART) (UNAIDS 2012; WHO 2013). This policy brief examines the legal framework governing HIV testing services for children. It highlights the challenges and opportunities presented by the legal framework and critically discusses whether it can facilitate national goals aimed at expanding appropriate testing and treatment services to children and their families.