New insights into HIV epidemic in South Africa: key findings from the National HIV Prevalence, Incidence and Behaviour Survey, 2012

SOURCE: African Journal of AIDS Research
OUTPUT TYPE: Journal Article
PUBLICATION YEAR: 2016
TITLE AUTHOR(S): K.Zuma, O.Shisana, T.M.Rehle, L.C.Simbayi, S.Jooste, N.Zungu, D.Labadarios, D.Onoya, M.Evans, S.Moyo, F.Abdullah
KEYWORDS: ANTIRETROVIRAL THERAPY, HIV/AIDS, HIV/AIDS PREVENTION, HOUSEHOLD SURVEYS, KNOWLEDGE LEVEL, RISK BEHAVIOUR, SEXUAL BEHAVIOUR
DEPARTMENT: Social Aspects of Public Health (SAPH), Management Support (DED:CE), Management Support (BDE), Office of the CEO (ERM), Office of the CEO (OCEO), Office of the CEO (IL), Office of the CEO (BS), Management Support (DCEO:OE), Management Support (HR), Management Support (IT), Management Support (LS), Management Support (IS), Management Support (RT), Management Support (IC), Management Support (SD), Office of the CEO (IA), Management Support (PTA Caf), Management Support (OPS : Fac), Management Support (OPS: Build), Management Support (DCEO: Man), Management Support (Protect)
Print: HSRC Library: shelf number 9116

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Abstract

This article presents key findings from the 2012 HIV prevalence, incidence and behaviour survey conducted in South Africa and explores trends in the HIV epidemic. A representative household based survey collected behavioural and biomedical data among people of all ages. Chi-squared test for association and formal trend tests (2002, 2005, 2008 and 2012) were used to test for associations and trends in the HIV epidemic across the four surveys. Levels of accurate HIV knowledge about transmission and prevention were low and had decreased between 2008 and 2012 from 31.5% to 26.8%. South Africa is on the right track with scaling up ART. However, there have been worrying increases in most HIV-related risk behaviours. These findings suggest that there is a need to scale up prevention methods that integrate biomedical, behavioural, social and structural prevention interventions to reverse the tide in the fight against HIV.