Age-disparate sex and HIV risk for young women from 2002 to 2012 in South Africa

SOURCE: Journal of the International AIDS Society
OUTPUT TYPE: Journal Article
PUBLICATION YEAR: 2016
TITLE AUTHOR(S): M.Evans, K.Risher, N.Zungu, O.Shisana, S.Moyo, D.D.Celentano, B.Maughan-Brown, T.M.Rehle
KEYWORDS: HIV/AIDS, RISK BEHAVIOUR, SEXUAL BEHAVIOUR, WOMEN
DEPARTMENT: Human and Social Capabilities (HSC)
Print: HSRC Library: shelf number 9712
HANDLE: 20.500.11910/10856
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11910/10856

Download this report

If you would like to obtain a copy of this Research Output, please contact Hanlie Baudin at researchoutputs@hsrc.ac.za.

Abstract

Age-disparate sex has long been considered a factor that increases HIV risk for young women in South Africa. However, recent studies from specific regions in South Africa have found conflicting evidence. Few studies have assessed the association between age-disparate partnerships (those involving an age gap of 5 years or more) and HIV risk at the national level. This study investigates the relationship between age-disparate sex and HIV status among young women aged 15-24 in South Africa. The findings suggest that age-disparate sex continues to be a risk factor for young women aged 15-24 in South Africa at a national level. These results may reflect variation in HIV risk at the national level compared to the differing results from recent studies in a demographic surveillance system and trial contexts. In light of recent contradictory study results, further research is required on the relationship between age-disparate sex and HIV for a more nuanced understanding of young women's HIV risk.