Economic development, urbanisation, energy consumption and climate change management in Nigeria

SOURCE: Africa Insight
OUTPUT TYPE: Journal Article
PUBLICATION YEAR: 2016
TITLE AUTHOR(S): V.Mjimba, Z.A.Elum
KEYWORDS: CLIMATE CHANGE, ENERGY SUSTAINIBILITY, NIGERIA, URBANISATION
DEPARTMENT: African Institute of South Africa (AISA)
Print: HSRC Library: shelf number 9767

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Abstract

Increasing energy demand arises from increasing urbanisation and industrialisation. If this energy is from traditional energy sources, then this translates into increased greenhouse gas emissions which lead to accelerated global warming and climate change. Sustainable development could avert this. This paper discusses the link between urbanisation, economic development and climate change through a review of literature examining this nexus in a global and the Nigerian context. The findings lead to the reiteration of the old call for economic diversification in Nigeria and other similar countries to shift urbanisation from a rural push mode to an urban pull mode. More important is that the shift should be powered by the efficient use of both non-renewable and renewable energy sources.