Non-adherence to anti-retroviral therapy among HIV infected adults in Mon state of Myanmar

SOURCE: BMC Public Health
OUTPUT TYPE: Journal Article
PUBLICATION YEAR: 2017
TITLE AUTHOR(S): W.L.Aye, A.Puckpinyo, K.Peltzer
KEYWORDS: ADULTS, ANTIRETROVIRAL THERAPY, HIV/AIDS, MYANMAR
DEPARTMENT: Human and Social Capabilities (HSC)
Print: HSRC Library: shelf number 9775
HANDLE: 20.500.11910/10916
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11910/10916

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Abstract

The provision of Anti-Retroviral Therapy (ART) was started in Myanmar in 2005 in collaboration with the National AIDS Program and the private sector. Successful clinical management of HIV-infected patients is subject to optimal adherence. The aim of the study was to determine the prevalence of adherence to ART and identify factors associated with non-adherence to ART among HIV infected adults registered in a private sector setting in Mon State, Myanmar. This cross-sectional study was conducted with adults living with HIV receiving ART at an HIV outpatient clinic between April and May 2016. A total of three hundred People Living with HIV(PLHIV) were interviewed using a pretested and structured questionnaire. The 30 days Visual Analog Scale (VAS) adherence instrument was used to assess the level of adherence. Multivariable logistic regression analysis was used to determine factors associated with non-adherence to ART. Non-adherence to ART was associated with individual moderating factors and behavioral skills. Priority measures such as addressing risk behaviour and behavioural change communication tailored to individual patients' lifestyles requires comprehensive interventions to improve adherence.