Tuberculosis risk factors in Lephalale local municipality of Limpopo province, South Africa
If you would like to obtain a copy of this Research Output, please contact Hanlie Baudin at email@example.com.
Lephalale local municipality is the leading sub-district in Limpopo province with 9.8% of deaths caused by tuberculosis. This study aimed to describe the risk factors for TB in Lephalale local municipality. A quantitative descriptive, cross-sectional survey design was used to target 148 registered TB patients aged 18 years and above in the sub-district's 6 clinics. Approval and ethical clearance was obtained from the relevant authorities (SHS/15/PH/14/2006). Only respondents who agreed in writing to be part of the study were included. Ethical research principles were observed. A researcher-developed self-administered questionnaire was used to collect data. The data were analysed using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences' version 22.0. Of 148 respondents, a high proportion of diagnosed TB patients (43.24%) were receiving less than R1 000 per month; the majority (53.38%) were unemployed; 22% were overcrowded in a single room; 31.8% had skipped taking TB medication at some point; 12% had previously worked in the mining industries; 37.16% never opened windows: 39.19% were from a rural settlement. TB risk factors in Lephalale include overcrowding, inadequate ventilation, TB treatment interruption, rural settlement, working in a mine, and low income. Educating communities about improving ventilation and treatment adherence as well as community empowerment with entrepreneurial skills might assist.
Related Research Outputs:
- Perceptions of tuberculosis: attributions of cause, suggested means of risk reduction, and preferred treatment in the Limpopo province, South Africa
- Delivery of the directly observed therapy (DOT) for tuberculosis patients in the Limpopo province, South Africa: a qualitative study
- Factors that contribute to tuberculosis control in primary health care services at Mutale primary health care sub-district of the Limpopo Province, South Africa
- Hazardous and harmful alcohol use and associated factors in tuberculosis public primary care patients in South Africa
- Prevalence of post-traumatic stress symptoms and associated factors in tuberculosis (TB), TB retreatment and/or TB-HIV co-infected primary public health-care patients in three districts in South Africa
- Mental health and HIV sexual risk behaviour among University of Limpopo students
- HIV risk behaviour among public primary healthcare patients with tuberculosis in South Africa
- Prevalence and associated factors of tuberculosis treatment outcome among hazardous or harmful alcohol users in public primary health care in South Africa
- 'Something for something': the importance of talking about transactional sex with youth in South Africa using a resilience-based approach
- Concerns over the lack of knowledge about TB and HIV co-infection
- Role of oral candidiasis in TB and HIV co-infection: AIDS clinical trial group protocol A5253
- Loss from treatment for drug resistant tuberculosis: risk factors and patient outcomes in a community-based program in Khayelitsha, South Africa
- Correlates of tobacco use among tuberculosis patients in South Africa: a brief report
- Trends in HIV testing and associated factors among men in South Africa: evidence from 2005, 2008 and 2012 national population-based household surveys
- Longitudinal analysis of HIV risk behaviour patterns and their predictors among public primary care patients with tuberculosis in South Africa
- Investigating the association between TB transmission and socio-economic risk factors in a high TB and HIV burdened community in Cape Town, South Africa
- Task oriented nursing in a tuberculosis control programme in South Africa: where does it come from and what keeps it going?
- Land redistribution for agricultural development: case studies in three provinces: final report, October
- Beating the backlog: meeting targets and providing free basic services
- Incidence and consequences of injury in a sample of a semi-urban and rural population in the Limpopo province, South Africa