Tuberculosis and diabetes in Nigerian patients with and without HIV

SOURCE: International Journal of Infectious Diseases
OUTPUT TYPE: Journal Article
PUBLICATION YEAR: 2017
TITLE AUTHOR(S): L.Lawson, M.Muc, O.Oladimeji, C.Iweha, B.Opoola, S.T.Abdurhaman, J.S.Bimba, L.E.Cuevas
KEYWORDS: HIV/AIDS, NIGERIA, TUBERCULOSIS
DEPARTMENT: Social Aspects of Public Health (SAPH)
Print: HSRC Library: shelf number 9835

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Abstract

Type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) and HIV increase the risk of tuberculosis (TB). The frequency of DM among patients with TB with and without HIV is poorly documented in many low- and middle income countries. This was a cross-sectional hospital-based study performed in Abuja, Nigeria. Adults with presumptive TB were screened consecutively. Four hundred and ten individuals had TB culture, FPG, and HbA1c results. A high proportion of patients in Abuja have markers of DM and pre-diabetes at the time of TB diagnosis.