A parenting programme to prevent abuse of adolescents in South Africa: study protocol for a randomised controlled trial

SOURCE: Trials
PUBLICATION YEAR: 2016
TITLE AUTHOR(S): L.Cluver, F.Meinck, Y.Shenderovich, C.L.Ward, R.H.Romero, A.Redfern, C.Lombard, J.Doubt, J.Steinert, R.Catanho, C.Wittesaele, S.De Stone, N.Salah, P.Mpimpilashe, J.Lachman, H.Loening, F.Gardner, D.Blanc, M.Nocuza, M.Lechowicz
KEYWORDS: ADOLESCENTS, CHILD ABUSE, LOW INCOME POPULATION, PARENTHOOD
DEPARTMENT: Democracy, Governance and Service Delivery (DGSD)
Print: HSRC Library: shelf number 9929
HANDLE: 20.500.11910/11251

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Abstract

An estimated one billion children experience child abuse each year, with the highest rates in lowand middle-income countries. The Sinovuyo Teen programme is part of Parenting for Lifelong Health, a WHO/ UNICEF initiative to develop and test violence-prevention programmes for implementation in low-resource contexts. The objectives of this parenting support programme are to prevent the abuse of adolescents, improve parenting and reduce adolescent behavioural problems. This trial aims to evaluate the effectiveness of Sinovuyo Teen compared to an attention-control group of a water hygiene programme. This is a pragmatic cluster randomised controlled trial, with stratified randomisation of 37 settlements (rural and peri-urban) with 40 study clusters in the Eastern Cape of South Africa. Settlements receive either a 14-session parenting support programme or a 1-day water hygiene programme. The primary outcomes are child abuse and parenting practices, and secondary outcomes include adolescent behavioural problems, mental health and social support. Concurrent process evaluation and qualitative research are conducted. Outcomes are reported by both primary caregivers and adolescents. Brief follow-up measures are collected immediately after the intervention, and full follow-up measures collected at 3-8 months post-intervention. A 15-24-month follow-up is planned, but this will depend on the financial and practical feasibility given delays related to high levels of ongoing civil and political violence in the research sites. This is the first known trial of a parenting programme to prevent abuse of adolescents in a low- or middle-income country. The study will also examine potential mediating pathways and moderating factors.