Renewable energy and local development: seven lessons from the mining industry

SOURCE: Development Southern Africa
OUTPUT TYPE: Journal Article
PUBLICATION YEAR: 2017
TITLE AUTHOR(S): L.Marais, H.Wlokas, J.de Groot, N.Dube, A.Scheba
KEYWORDS: ENERGY SUSTAINIBILITY, MINING AND MINERALS INDUSTRY, RENEWABLE ENERGY
DEPARTMENT: Economic Perfomance and Development (EPD)
Print: HSRC Library: shelf number 10040

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Abstract

Having long depended on fossil fuels for energy generation, South Africa is now investing in renewable energy. Like its mining operations, its renewable energy plants will have local implications. Renewable energy companies are therefore required by government to engage with communities to contribute to socioeconomic development. We present seven lessons we believe the renewable energy sector can learn from the mining industry. We argue that the new industry must: manage social disruption, understand community complexities, create responsive institutions and the capacity to support industry practice, employ trained community practitioners, be clear about the aims of local development, encourage economic diversification in remote areas and, importantly, in view of problems caused by downscaling in the mining industry, plan for the possible closure of projects. Renewable energy projects could then serve and shape local development.