The risk of metabolic syndrome as a result of lifestyle among Ellisras rural young adults
If you would like to obtain a copy of this Research Output, please contact Hanlie Baudin at email@example.com.
The study aimed to investigate the association between metabolic syndrome (MetS) and lifestyle risk factors among Ellisras adults. A cross-sectional study was conducted on 624 adults (306 males and 318 females). MetS was defined according to the criteria of the International Diabetes Federation. The prevalence of MetS was 23.1% (8.6% males and 36.8 % females). Females appeared to have higher mean values for waist circumference (WC), fasting blood glucose (FBG), total cholesterol (TCHOL) and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), while males had high mean values for high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), triglycerides (TG), systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP). No significant age and gender differences were observed for dietary intake. Significantly more females (51.9%) presented with increased WC than males (4.6%). Participants who had a high dietary energy intake were significantly less likely to present with larger WC (OR: 0.250 95% CI [0.161; 0.389]), low HDL-C (OR: 0.306 95% CI [0.220; 0.425]) and high LDL-C (OR: 0.583 95% CI [0.418; 0.812]) but more likely to present with elevated FBG (OR: 1.01 95% CI [0.735; 1.386]), high TCHOL (OR: 1.039 95% CI [0.575; 1.337]), high TG (OR: 1.186 95% CI [0.695; 2.023]) and hypertension (OR: 5.205 95% CI [3.156; 8.585]). After adjusting for age, gender, smoking, and alcohol status, high energy intake was more than two times likely to predict MetS in adults with a large WC (OR: 2.766 95% CI [0.863; 3.477] and elevated FBG (OR: 2.227 95% CI [1.051; 3.328]). Therefore, identifying groups that are at an increased risk and those that are in their early stages of MetS will help improve and prevent the increase of the MetS in the future.
Related Research Outputs:
- Investment into eco-tourism projects: KwaZulu-Natal coastal belt: South Africa
- NASFAM funding proposal for the National AIDS Commission
- Evaluation of HIV/AIDS prevention intervention messages on a rural sample of South African youth's knowledge, attitudes, beliefs and behaviours over a period of 15 months
- Trends and policy challenges in the rural economy: four provincial case studies
- Rural development in South Africa: tensions between democracy and traditional authority
- Living with rats
- The importance of indigenous knowledge in reducing poverty of rural Agrarian households
- Gender, development and transport in rural South Africa: methodological, policy and implementation challenges
- Rural municipality case studies: land reform, farm employment and livelihoods
- Evaluation of HIV/AIDS intervention prevention messages on a rural sample on South Africa's youth knowledge, attitudes, beliefs and behaviours over a period of 15 months
- Rural development: strategies and challenges
- The context for career guidance in urban & rural areas addressing the challenge of youth unemployment in South Africa
- Don't underestimate cities' role in rural growth
- Outcome 7: vibrant, equitable and sustainable rural communities and food security for all
- Sustainable rural development: employment and household farming
- Urban and rural areas: allies not rivals
- Whither agrarian reform in South Africa?
- Technological initiatives for rural development: evidence from eight comprehensive rural development programme pilot sites
- Mobile VCT: reaching men and young people in urban and rural South African pilot studies (NIMH Project Accept, HPTN 043)
- Spatial mapping and analysis of integrated agricultural land use and infrastructure in Mhlontlo local municipality, Eastern Cape, South Africa