Aging population and its economic impact and immigration: investment in social capital and migrant labour as a solution for population ageing

OUTPUT TYPE: Policy briefs
PUBLICATION YEAR: 2019
TITLE AUTHOR(S): W.Lunga, K.Sobane
KEYWORDS: AGEING, ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT, LABOUR MARKET
DEPARTMENT: Research Use and Impact Assessment (RIA), Research Use and Impact Assessment (PRESS), Research Use and Impact Assessment (CC)
Print: HSRC Library: shelf number 10894

If you would like to obtain a copy of this Research Output, please contact Hanlie Baudin at researchoutputs@hsrc.ac.za.

Abstract

Population ageing has become a global concern for most economies due to the implications it has on labor market dynamics and economic development. Ageing results in increased expenditure on health and welfare services, yet the labour force shrinks and is unable to match available labour market opportunities, with detrimental results for production and productivity. Internal policy solutions such as increasing the retirement age and increasing working hours have proved unsuccessful in many countries. There is therefore a need for comprehensive policy actions that integrate internally oriented and externally oriented solutions such as revision of migrant labour and tap into social capital policies.