Dr Glenda Kruss Van Der Heever

DEPARTMENT: Center for Science, Technology and Innovation Indicators (CeSTii)
TELEPHONE: +27 ( 0)21 466 8086
EMAIL: gkruss@hsrc.ac.za

Dr Glenda Kruss is a Deputy Executive Director in the Centre for Science, Technology and Innovation Indicators (CeSTII) programme. She holds a Master?s at the University of Cape Town and obtained a DPhil from the University of Ulster in 1992.

Before joining the HSRC in June 2001, she was Associate Professor at the University of the Western Cape. Her areas of research interest include: higher education, innovation and development, exploring the issue of responsiveness to economic and social needs, and the contribution of the post-school sector to skills development strategies. She has collaborated widely on comparative projects with research teams in Africa, Latin America, Asia and Europe, and led large scale projects for national government departments.

Dr Kruss?s publication record spans the authoring and co-authoring of more than 40 conference presentations and 20 journal articles, as well as two books and a number of research monographs. Her most recent work, published in the Journal of Development Studies, investigated universities and knowledge-based development in sub-Saharan Africa.

Recent

Promoting a science, technology and innovation policy for inclusive development in South Africa

The authors address the following question in this policy brief: "How are current public policy goals and instruments aligned with the Department of S....

Engaged universities and inclusive development: grappling with new policy directions in South Africa

The chapter draws on a body of empirical research in South Africa exploring the ways in which academics extend their knowledge to the benefit of exter....

Mapping key role players and SETA partnerships: a design and methodology to guide research on skills development systems

This research guide is based on an LMIP project: A study of labour market interactive capabilities, structures and mechanisms in diverse post-school e....

Responsiveness and employability: an argument for building interactive capabilities in technical vocational education and training colleges in South Africa

Public vocational education and training (VET) institutions have long been enjoined to be more responsive to industry needs. However, this policy orth....

How can universities and colleges improve the alignment between education and work?: a systemic, demand-led approach to skills planning and development

This policy brief proposes a framework that can be used by post-school education and training (PSET) organisations and skills planners to analyse the ....

Responding to shifting demand for skills: how do we get firms and post-school education and training organisations to work together?

Firms in South Africa are challenged to upgrade their technology and to innovate so that they can become more productive and competitive in a global a....

How are public and private decision-makers aligned to address changing skills needs?: evidence from a case study of the sugar sector

This chapter attempts to analyse the dynamics of decision-making around skills training and the national, sectoral, regional and occupational levels. ....

'Luring the academic soul': promoting academic engagement in South African universities

There is widespread pressure that universities should become more responsive and accountable to multiple demands in their local, national and global c....

Connecting capabilities in highly unequal developing countries: the case of the Square Kilometre Array telescope in South Africa

Innovation and skills development require interactive capabilities to function effectively. Interactive capabilities mediate between skills supply and....

Key trends in artisanal supply and demand in the metals and related services sector

To lay the foundation, the first stage of the project is to take stock of artisanal skilling with a quantitative lens, the task of this technical repo....

How does social inequality continue to influence young people's trajectories through the apprenticeship pathway system in South Africa?: an analytical approach

The paper contributes by proposing an analytical approach that allows for the identification of patterns of participation in education and training an....

Harnessing innovation potential?: institutional approaches to industry-higher education research partnerships in South Africa

This article presents an overview of research partnership activity across the South African higher education system in three cutting-edge high-technol....

Linking universities and marginalised communities: South African case studies of innovation focused on livelihoods in informal settings

Linking Universities and marginalised communities examines how South African universities engage with the informal sector in marginalised communities ....

Higher education and economic development: the importance of building technological capabilities

Higher education and development has not been a priority of global policy or research funding in recent decades. Yet, since the millennium, Southern g....

The SKA: connecting the dots to reach the global science and technology frontier

The Square Kilometre Array (SKA) telescope provides an example of how to effectively connect pockets of excellence in the national system of innovatio....

Global interactions between firms and universities: a tentative typology and an empirical investigation

Although two strands of the literature on innovation (interactions and GINs) mention universities and foreign corporations, neither conceptualizes the....

Bracing for change: making universities and firms partners for innovation in sub-Saharan Africa

Therefore, in this chapter, we aim to examine the nature of university-industry interaction in distinct African contexts. Such analysis can inform the....

Developing national systems of innovation: university-industry interactions in the Global South

The research projects in this book focus on a particular part of the workings of innovation systems: the interactions between universities and public ....

Employment and learning pathways of learnership participants in the NSDS phase II

It is striking that the period in which learnerships have been implemented is very short seven years. The challenges of creating a new skills developm....

Understanding interactive capabilities for skills development

Skills development is high on the South African policy agenda. There are many current interventions to improve the quantity and quality of skills prod....

Linking knowledge producers and marginalised communities

A recent DST / HSRC science seminar drew together researchers and policy makers in the higher education and innovation spaces, to debate the role of....

A methodology for unveiling global innovation networks: patent citations as clues to cross border knowledge flows

This paper presents a new methodology to describe global innovations networks. Using 167,315 USPTO patents granted in 2009 and the papers they cited, ....

Learnerships and apprenticeships: key mechanisms for skills development and capability building in South Africa

In post-apartheid South Africa, skills development policy, learnerships and apprenticeships are key policy mechanisms intended to enhance employabilit....

Interaction between towers of learning and poor communities: four case studies

Interaction between universities and marginalised communities around innovation activities that create or protect livelihoods, are rare in South Afric....

The changing role of the university in inclusive innovation in South Africa: comparing the role of public research institutes

The manual consists of five sections. Section A: Background to the study: provides a summary of key aspects of the study that you need to know. Sect....

Universities: driving inclusive development through innovation

With the economic crises, the thinking about the role of universities in industrial and other innovation processes has shifted from innovation to driv....

Skilling for employment and employability: the success of learnerships and apprenticeships under the National Skills Development Strategy II

Learnerships and apprenticeships as skills development mechanisms thus provide a useful case study to investigate the complexity and conditionality of....

Global interactions between firms and universities

This paper investigates interactions between firms and universities in a global context. The point of departure is a review of the ever-evolving liter....

Academic interaction with external social partners: investigating the contribution of universities to economic and social development

A lively debate on the relationship between the university and society in a developing country like South Africa is emerging. Academic Interaction loo....

Conceptions of higher education, development-oriented social engagement and innovation in the SADC context

This chapter examines two distinct bodies of literature and argues for a synthesis to inform development-oriented social engagement. The first section....

Skills and the formation of global innovation networks: a balancing act

In seeking to understand the linkages between skill development and the formation of global innovation networks (GINs), we develop an analytical frame....

Reconceptualising engagement: a conceptual framework for analysing university interaction with external social partners

Currently in universities there is a widespread and formal promotion of ''community engagement'', but there is also conceptual confusion, debate and c....

Universities and knowledge-based development in sub-Saharan Africa: comparing university-firm interaction in Nigeria, Uganda and South Africa

Research on the changing role of universities in firm learning, innovation and national economic development has not extended systematically to low in....

An assessment of skills development interventions in South Africa: skills development through structured qualifications: learnerships and apprenticeships: new direction and transitions in skills development systems

How can we measure whether the government has met the set targets for training more people? In this article MARIETTE VISSER and GLENDA KRUSS outline a....

Impact Assessment of National Skills Development Strategy II: assessing the impact of learnerships and apprenticeships under NSDSII: three case study reports

The case studies analyse the extent to which learnerships and apprenticeships facilitate the development of the skills and capabilities required in th....

Channels of interaction in health biotechnology networks in South Africa: who benefits and how?

The promotion of university-industry linkages in developing countries is contested, given high levels of poverty, inequality and human development ne....

Credentials and mobility: an analysis of the profile of students studying at registered private higher education institutions in South Africa

Analysing the private higher education sector in relation to the public sector is not helpful, nor is aggregating student data to explain trends in pr....

Impact Assessment of National Skills Development Strategy II: learnerships and apprenticeships survey 2010: technical report: identifying transitions and trajectories through the learnership and apprenticeship systems

The overall objective of this project is to measure the impact of the South African learnership and apprenticeship systems as they support employed an....

Universities in South Africa: ivory towers or social workshops?

Research, teaching and community engagement appear in nearly every South African university's mission statement. We feel we know what research and tea....

Universities and knowledge-based development in sub-Saharan Africa: comparing university-firm interaction in Nigeria, Uganda and South Africa

The paper draws on an empirical study that investigated the extent of, incentives for and constraints on interaction between universities and firms in....

Towards dialogue: higher education's role in innovation and social engagement

New policy in South Africa, after 1994, reflecting global trends, proposed that higher education institutions, as crucial sites of knowledge productio....

How do universities develop interactive capabilities to promote social innovation and development in South Africa?

Current debate aims to reconceptualise the changing role and missions of the university in development, and to research the ways in which universities....

Education, training and skills development in the Cape Town City Region: background paper

This background report provides an overview of current conditions, capacity and performance on the education and training supply side in the Cape Town....

Impact Assessment of National Skills Development Strategy II: a technical report on learnership and apprenticeship population databases in South Africa: patterns and shifts in skills formation

This technical report contributes to address such critical questions, albeit in a limited manner, in that it is the first step and but one component -....

The South African innovation policies: potential and constraint

South Africa is one of the strongest economies in Africa and key to the economic and political development of Sub-Saharan Africa. But the central thr....

Learnerships and skills development in South Africa: a shift to prioritise the young unemployed

Much is expected from the new learnership system implemented in South Africa a mere seven years ago as a key component in putting a multi-pronged Nati....

Linking universities & firms in sub-Saharan Africa

Unlike the centuries-old tradition of the autonomous pursuit of knowledge and science, universities are now expected to be more accountable to society....

A restructured teacher education system: a call for consolidation

The teacher education system plays a pivotal role in producing and developing South Africa's teachers. Glenda Kruss investigated the nature of institu....

Baseline evaluation of the Mnambithi Further Education and Training college

This document reports on the evaluation undertaken at Mnambithi Further Education and Training College in November 2008. The evaluation was undertaken....

Knowledge for development: university-firm interaction in sub-Saharan Africa: the case of Nigeria: working papers

The Research on Knowledge Systems (RoKS) 2006 competition provided funding that has opened up a new field and delineated the contours of a research ag....

Knowledge for developent: university-firm interaction in sub-Saharan Africa: the case of Uganda: working papers

The Research on Knowledge Systems (RoKS) 2006 competition provided funding that has opened up a new field and delineated the contours of a research ag....

A strong desire for certification

In the National Skills Development Strategy (NSDS) Phase II, participants expressed a strong desire to enrol on a learnership programme to gain occupa....

Tracing learnership results

The HSRC team traced the employment and learning pathways of learnership participants in the National Skills Development Strategy (NSDS) Phase II.....

Learnerships: focusing on the young unemployed

The State of Skills Report 2007/08, released in October, focuses exclusively on the findings of a series of research projects commissioned by the Depa....

Balancing old and new organisational forms: changing dynamics of government, industry and university interaction in South Africa

The paper considers changing triple helix relations in South African context after 1994. The organisational form of university-industry partnership, s....

Opportunities & challenges for teacher education curriculum in South Africa

Driven by centralised state processes, externally mandated and regulated, the restructuring of teacher education curriculum and institutions in South ....

Curriculum restructuring in context: 1994-2007

This chapter describes the shifting policy context within which universities are mediating their new roles as teacher educators, highlighting governme....

A distant reality: aligning the BEd curriculum at the North West University

this chapter reports on the restructuring of the Bachelor of Education (BEd) qualification at North West University (NWU). The interest is in how the....

From bureaucratic compliance to creating new knowledge: comparative patterns of curriculum change

In this chapter the author compares trajectories of curriculum development across the system, illustrating the complex intersection of dynamics operat....

Knowledge-intensive university spin-off firms in South Africa: fragile network alignment?

This paper analyses the conditions for sustaining spin-off firms from University-based research in South Africa through follow-up-case studies of thre....

Teacher education and institutional change in South Africa

In 1994, the South African teacher education landscape was fragmented across a wide variety of institutional sites. Ten years later, initial teacher e....

Trajectories of restructuring: the changing context for initial teacher education in South Africa

The article aims to illustrate the complexity of institutional restructuring dynamics in distinct South African university contexts, in order to highl....

Working partnerships: the challenge of creating mutual benefit for academics and industry

Networks and partnerships between higher education institutions and industry have been identified as a primary means of addressing higher education's ....

Creating knowledge networks: higher education, industry and innovation in South Africa

This article focuses on a new organisational form that is emerging in the South African context - knowledge networks of higher education, industry and....

FET colleges set to become 'first choice' to skill youth

A joint conference by the HSRC and the Department of Education earlier this year explored current practices and fresh possibilities for the further ed....

Tensions in facilitating higher education-industry research partnerships in high technology fields in South Africa

Based on a study of research partnerships with industry across the higher education sector in three high technology fields in South Africa, the paper ....