Dr Mpumi Zungu

DEPARTMENT: HIV/AIDS, STIs and TB (HAST)
TELEPHONE: +27 (0)12 302 2008
EMAIL: mzungu@hsrc.ac.za

Dr. Nompumelelo Zungu holds a Ph.D. in Psychology from the University of Cape Town. She is a Research Director of the Operational and Implementation Research Unit (OIR) in the HIV/AIDS, STIs and TB (HAST) research programme at the HSRC. She has over 18 years research experience and has been a chief of party, a co-investigator, a study director on several national surveys on HIV and AIDS, health and mental health. She has an extensive experience managing national and international collaborations on HIV and AIDS research.

Dr Zungu has expertise and special interest in mental health, social and cultural aspects of HIV/AIDS, risk and sexual behaviour among men and adolescents. She is currently one of the PI on the 5th National HIV Prevalence and Incidence Survey; and has been a Co-PI on the PEPFAR Gender Analysis and on the rapid ethnography study of the vulnerability of young women (aged 15-24) to HIV infection in three provinces of South Africa.

She is widely published, and has co-authored over 45 journal articles, 8 chapters, and 20 research reports.

Recent

Determinants of excellent/good self-rated health among HIV positive individuals in South Africa: evidence from a 2012 nationally representative household survey

In South Africa, HIV is increasingly becoming a chronic disease as a result of advances in HIV treatment and prevention in the last three decades. Thi....

The health of educators in public schools in South Africa 2016

The provision of good quality education in public sector schools in South Africa is intrinsically linked to the health, wellbeing and productivity of ....

Social representation of HIV/AIDS: deconstructing AIDS as a death sentence to 'Isigulo Sabantu'

This chapter reflects on how 'normalising' AIDS may impact on prevention in the long run, and attempt to propose what can be done to address this chal....

Does marital status matter in an HIV hyperendemic country?: findings from the 2012 South African National HIV Prevalence, Incidence and Behaviour survey

South Africa has experienced declining marriage rates and the increasing practice of cohabitation without marriage. This study aims to improve the und....

The case for expanding the definition of 'key populations' to include high-risk groups in the general population to improve targeted HIV prevention efforts

Two additional key populations within the general population in South Africa (SA) that are at risk of HIV infection are black African women aged 20 -....

Determinants of multiple sexual partnerships in South Africa

This paper aims to examine determinants of multiple sexual partnerships (MSPs) among South African men and women using a nationally representative sam....

ISIBINDI, creating circles of care for orphans and vulnerable children in South Africa: post-programme outcomes

This paper presents the evaluation of post-programme outcomes of the ISIBINDI model, a community-based intervention to promote physical and psychosoci....

The role of parents and peers in young people initiating sexual debut in South Africa

Age at sexual debut is an important indicator for exposure to heterosexual HIV transmission. Studies show that early sexual debut is associated with i....

South Africa's response to the HIV and AIDS epidemics

The first part of this chapter provides an account of the history of HIV and AIDS in South Africa through a review of the literature. The next sectio....

Psychological distress and traumatic stress neglected in mental health

South Africa has a high prevalence of mental health disorders - a substantial number of which remain undiagnosed and untreated. A South African popul....

South African National HIV Prevalence, Incidence and Behaviour Survey, 2012

The report covers the epidemiology of HIV from both social and biomedical points of view, providing us not only with statistical data on HIV prevalenc....

The South African National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2012: SANHANES-1: the health and nutritional status of the nation

South Africa is undergoing a process of epidemiological transition from infectious to non-communicable diseases (NCDs). While the burden of infectious....

HIV positive women's perceptions of stigma in health care settings in Western Cape, South Africa

We explored the cultural context of HIV positive women's perceptions of stigma in health care settings in Western Cape, South Africa. We conducted sev....

Sexual violence and HIV

This Chapter aims to provide a comprehensive synopsis and, in some instances, a critique of recent research conducted in the field of HIV/AIDS and sex....

Research capacity building: a US-South African partnership

Research capacity building engenders assets that allow communities (and, in this case, student fellows) to respond adequately to health issues and pro....

Rethinking HIV/AIDS disclosure among women within the context of motherhood in South Africa

This qualitative study explored whether motherhood plays a role in influencing decisions to conceal or reveal knowledge of seropositive status among w....

South African national HIV prevalence, incidence, behaviour and communication survey, 2008: the health of our children

Understanding the general health status of children aged 18 years and below in relation to the HIV epidemic is paramount in South Africa - a country t....

Gender and poverty in South Africa in the era of HIV/AIDS: a quantitative study

BACKGROUND: Recent research identifies gender inequality as a driver of the HIV/AIDS epidemic. The feminization of poverty is also increasingly appare....

HIV/AIDS and society

Sub-Saharan Africa remains the most affected region in the global AIDS epidemic. More than two out of three (68%) adults and nearly 90% of children in....

Stigma, culture, and HIV and AIDS in the Western Cape, South Africa: an application of the PEN-3 cultural model for community-based research

HIV- and AIDS-related stigma has been reported to be a major factor contributing to the spread of HIV. In this study, the authors explore the meaning....

Poverty and HIV and AIDS

The worsening economic situation is likely to continue to impact negatively on health and development, especially in countries that are already severe....

South African national HIV prevalence, incidence, behaviour and communication survey, 2008: a turning tide among teenagers?

South Africa's first national, household sero-prevalence survey of HIV and AIDS was conducted in 2002. A second survey was completed in 2005 and this,....

Examining the impact of HIV & AIDS on South African educators

Our aim in this study was to examine the impact of HIV&AIDS; on South African educators. A cross-sectional survey was conducted in public schools comb....

Job stress, job satisfaction and stress-related illnesses among South African educators

The aim of this study was to explore the relationship between self-reported job stress and job satisfaction, and the prevalence of stress-related illn....

Letter to the editor: male circumcision is an efficacious, lasting and cost-effective strategy for combating HIV in high-prevalence AIDS epidemics

In this article the authors respond to the various claims made in a recent article by Green, et al. "Male circumcision is not the 'vaccine' we have be....

Social determinants for HIV prevalence among South African educators

HIV prevalence among women in South Africa continues to be high despite the availability of a comprehensive plan for the control of HIV/AIDS and a ple....

Public perceptions on national health insurance: moving towards universal health coverage in South Africa

since 1994, considerable progress has been made in transforming the South African health care system, implementing programmes that improve the health ....

Educator supply and demand in the South African public education system: integrated report

Education plays a key role in the development of any society. Responding to the need for empirical evidence on the demand for and supply of public edu....

HIV risk exposure among young children: a study of 2-9 year olds served by public health facilities in the Free State, South Africa

South Africa has, until now, focused its HIV prevention efforts on youth and adults, and now needs to expand its focus to include children. Much is al....

The health of our educators: a focus on HIV/AIDS in South African public schools, 2004/5 survey

The evidence presented in this report shows that the health of our educators is a source of concern because the prevalence of HIV is high. The determi....

Marital status and risk of HIV infection in South Africa

The relationship between marital status and HIV is complex. The risk depends on various demographic factors and sex behaviour practices. Increased p....

Projects funded by the WK Kellogg Foundation on HIV/AIDS in southern Africa: report of the colloquium 26-27 November 2003

In November of 2003, the Human Sciences Research Council (HSRC) and the WK Kellogg Foundation (WKKF) hosted a colloquium to present and review the re....

AIDS: A threat to human security

In this chapter it is argued that a health issue constituted a security threat. The authors argue that that AIDS like other epidemics such as bubonic....

An audit of HIV/AIDS policies in Botswana, Lesotho, Mozambique, South Africa, Swaziland and Zimbabwe

Prior to this report, little scientific documentation existed on HIV/AIDS policies, legislation, financing and programme implementation in SADC countr....

Government's changing reponses to HIV/AIDS

In this chapter we review the changing responses of the governments of South Africa, during and after apartheid. The focus is on the post-apartheid g....

New insights into HIV epidemic in South Africa: key findings from the National HIV Prevalence, Incidence and Behaviour Survey, 2012

This article presents key findings from the 2012 HIV prevalence, incidence and behaviour survey conducted in South Africa and explores trends in the H....

HIV risk among men who have sex with men, women who have sex with women, lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender populations in South Africa: a mini-review

The HIV epidemic in South Africa is characterized mainly by heterosexual transmission. Recently, the importance of targeting key populations and margi....

HIV risk perception and behavior among medically and traditionally circumcised males in South Africa

In South Africa, voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) has recently been implemented as a strategy for reducing the risk of heterosexual HIV acqu....

Health status and years of sexually active life among older men and women in South Africa

Little is known about sexual activity in old age, particularly in Africa. The objective of this paper is to estimate years of sexually active life for....

Age-disparate sex and HIV risk for young women from 2002 to 2012 in South Africa

Age-disparate sex has long been considered a factor that increases HIV risk for young women in South Africa. However, recent studies from specific reg....

HIV prevalence and ART use among men in partnerships with 15-29 year old women in South Africa: HIV risk implications for young women in age-disparate partnerships

This study assesses whether men???s ART use mitigates HIV-risk within age-disparate partnerships. Using data from the 2012 South African National HIV....