Mr Shandir Ramlagan

DEPARTMENT: HIV/AIDS, STIs and TB (HAST)
TELEPHONE: +27 (0)12 302 2635
EMAIL: sramlagan@hsrc.ac.za

Mr Shandir Ramlagan is a Research Specialist in the HIV/AIDS, STIs and TB research (HAST) unit. He obtained his master's in development studies from the University of Natal.

Before joining the HSRC, Mr Ramlagan worked as a researcher at Development Research Africa, where he was involved in questionnaire and methodology development, field management, as well as contributing to the research output.

Mr Ramlagan has experience in social science research, especially in the areas of qualitative research design and methodology, planning and management of surveys, and design of research instruments. His project experience includes work for organizations such as the W.K. Kellogg Foundation, Nelson Mandela Children's Fund, the World Bank, Population Council, and various government departments.

His publication record spans progress reports, co-authored chapters for SIDA and the World Bank, literature reviews, co-authored peer-reviewed journal articles, conceptual and epidemiological models, and design questionnaires.

Recent

Prevalence and factors associated with fixed-dose combination antiretroviral drugs adherence among HIV-positive pregnant women on option B treatment in Mpumalanga province, South Africa

The possibility for all babies to be born and remain HIV-negative for the first year of life is achievable in South Africa. HIV-positive mothers??? ad....

The achilles

The Joint United Nations Programme on HIV and AIDS proposed to reduce the vertical transmission of HIV from 72,200 to 8300 newly infected children by ....

PMTCT implementation in rural community health centres in Mpumalanga province, South Africa: final report

As part of a global plan, the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV and AIDS (UNAIDS) implemented a plan to reduce the prevalence of vertical transmis....

Risks deter but pleasure allure: is pleasure more important?

The pursuit of unhealthy behaviors, such as smoking or binge drinking, not only carries various downside risks, but also provides pleasure. A parsimon....

Implementing comprehensive prevention of mother-to-child transmission and HIV prevention for South African couples: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial

In rural South Africa, only two-thirds of HIV-positive pregnant women seeking antenatal care at community health centers took full advantage of 'preve....

The role of parents and peers in young people initiating sexual debut in South Africa

Age at sexual debut is an important indicator for exposure to heterosexual HIV transmission. Studies show that early sexual debut is associated with i....

Hand grip strength and associated factors in non-institutionalised men and women 50 years and older in South Africa

Little is known about the prevalence, predictors and gender differences in hand grip strength of older adults in Africa. This study aims to investigat....

Social and health determinants of gender differences in disability amongst older adults in South Africa

There has been an unprecedented increase in population ageing resulting in the increase in prevalence of various health conditions, including disabili....

Social capital and health among older adults in South Africa

Little is known about social capital and health among older adults in South Africa. This study investigates the association between social capital and....

Self-reported prevalence of chronic non-communicable diseases and associated factors among older adults in South Africa

Little is known about the prevalence and predictors of chronic non-communicable diseases (NCDs) of older adults in South Africa. This study aims to in....

The South African National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2012: SANHANES-1: the health and nutritional status of the nation

South Africa is undergoing a process of epidemiological transition from infectious to non-communicable diseases (NCDs). While the burden of infectious....

Study on global AGEing and adult health (SAGE), Wave 1: South Africa National Report

The Study on global AGEing and adult health (SAGE) is part of a Longitudinal Survey Programme in WHO's Multi-Country Studies unit. The main SAGE surve....

Impact of national HIV and AIDS communication campaigns in South Africa to reduce HIV risk behaviour

In South Africa social and behavioural communication interventions are a critical component of HIV/AIDS prevention, and numerous communication campai....

Self-rated health and associated factors among older South Africans: evidence from the study on global ageing and adult health

Background: Population ageing has become significant in South African society, increasing the need to improve understandings of health and well-being ....

Alcohol use, problem drinking and health risk factors among South African youths

The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence and associated factors of problem drinking among South African youth (18-24 years). A cross-section....

Early sexual debut and associated risk factors among male and female youth in South Africa

The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence and correlates of early sexual debut among youth aged 18-24 in South Africa. In a cross-sectio....

Data resource profile: the World Health Organization study on global AGEing and adult health (SAGE)

Population ageing is rapidly becoming a global issue and will have a major impact on health policies and programmes. The World Health Organization's S....

Efficacy of a lay health worker led group antiretroviral medication adherence training among non-adherent HIV-positive patients in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa: results from a randomized trial

There is a lack of theory-based randomized controlled trials to examine the effect of antiretroviral adherence in sub-Saharan Africa. We assessed the....

Predicting (un)healthy behavior: a comparison of risk-taking propensity measures

We compare four different risk-taking propensity measures on their ability to describe and to predict actual risky behavior in the domain of health. T....

A community-based study to examine the effect of a youth HIV prevention programme in South Africa

The aim of this study was to examine the relationships among changes in self-reported HIV and sexually transmitted infection (STI) and exposure to the....

Study of global ageing and adult health (SAGE): South Africa 2007-2008: executive summary

The phenomenon of population ageing has become more significant in South African society during recent decades, with the cohort aged 50 years or older....

The social and clinical characteristics of patients on antiretroviral therapy who are 'lost to follow-up' in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa: a prospective study

A significant proportion of those initiating antiretroviral treatment (ART) for HIV infection are lost to follow-up. Causes (including HIV symptoms....

Epidemiology of substance use and abuse in South Africa

At the end of the apartheid era, research relating to the nature and extent of use of drugs other than alcohol and tobacco among the general adult pop....

Prevalence of obesity and associated factors in South Africans 50 years and older

This study aimed to determine the prevalence of obesity, overweight, central obesity and their associated factors in older South Africans who particip....

A comparison of EPI sampling, probability sampling, and compact segment sampling methods for micro and small enterprises

Finding an efficient method for sampling micro- and small-enterprises (MSEs) for research and statistical reporting purposes is a challenge in develop....

Antiretrovirals and the use of traditional, complementary and alternative medicine by HIV patients in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa: a longitudinal study

The aim of this prospective study (20 months) was to assess HIV patients' use of Traditional, Complementary and Alternative Medicine (TCAM) and its e....

Perceived stigma among patients receiving antiretroviral therapy: a prospective study in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa

The aim of this study is to examine whether internalized AIDS stigma among HIV patients one year after antiretroviral therapy (ART) initiation is asso....

Illicit drug use and treatment in South Africa: a review

This review synthesizes available epidemiological data on current drug use and substance user treatment admissions in South Africa since 1994, and how....

The who & why of antiretroviral treatment adherence

Successful antiretroviral (ARV) treatment depends on whether patients take their medication consistently and over a long period. This means taking the....

Safer sexual behaviours after 1 year of antiretroviral treatment in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa: a prospective cohort study

Abstract. Background: As antiretroviral treatment (ART) becomes more widely available in low and middle income countries, the relationship between tre....

Epidemiology of drug abuse treatment in South Africa

Background. The aim of the study was to explore the epidemiology of drug abuse treatment in South Africa. Methods. Treatment demand statistics were a....

Support group needs for people living with HIV and AIDS (PLWHA) in communities around Durban, South Africa

The study constructed a participant centred perspective of what members of a support group for people living with HIV and AIDS (PLWHA) desired from th....

Illicit drug use in South Africa: findings from a 2008 national population-based survey

Objective. The aim of this secondary analysis of the South African National HIV, Incidence, Behaviour and Communication (SABSSM) 2008 survey is to pro....

Traditional complementary and alternative medicine and antiretroviral treatment adherence among HIV patients in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa

Adherence to antiretroviral medication in the treatment of HIV is critical, both to maximize efficacy and to minimize the emergence of drug resistance....

Antiretroviral treatment adherence among HIV patients in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa

Background: Successful antiretroviral treatment is dependent on sustaining high rates of adherence. In the southern African context, only a handful of....

Drug prescription habits in public and private health facilities in 2 provinces in South Africa

The aim of this study was to explore drug prescription habits using WHO standard indicators in 15 public hospitals and 36 private surgeries in 2 provi....

Alcohol use trends in South Africa

The purpose of this review is to synthesize the prevalence data from five national surveys and local surveys on alcohol use in South Africa over the p....

Primary health care service delivery in South Africa

The paper's aim is to determine the role of non-profit organizations (NPOs) in filling possible gaps in primary health care (PHC) service provision. ....

A baseline assessment of Department of Health partnerships with non-profit organisations

A baseline assessment was conducted in five provinces participating in the Partnership for the Delivery of Primary Health Care Programme. It included ....

The public education sector and HIV/AIDS

There has been growing attention to the issue of HIV/AIDS and its potential impact on education. A number of research projects have provided a very g....

Use of traditional complementary and alternative medicine for HIV patients in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa

Background: Traditional medicine use has been reported is common among individuals with moderate and advanced HIV disease. The aim of this cross-secti....

Household survey on the pattern of utilization of medicines in selected communities in South Africa

The aim of this study was to examine the prevalence of drug use, and how morbidity, use of health services, self-evaluated health, demographic pattern....

Smoke this: dagga use among young men gets higher

The increase in cannabis production and improved technology call for more substance abuse treatment centres in South Africa following a study on user ....

Substance abuse trends in the Western Cape: a review of studies conducted since 2000

A consortium of researchers from the South African Medical Research Council, Human Sciences Research Council, University of Cape Town and Dopstop was ....

Cannabis use trends in South Africa

The purpose of this review is to synthesise cannabis use data from surveys, specialised alcohol and drug treatment centres, cannabis-related trauma un....

Rapid appraisal of substance abuse and HIV awareness messages in poster communication to disadvantaged youth in South Africa

In this study the authors explore the responses of youth from selected disadvantaged urban communities in Gauteng province, South Africa, to a poster ....

Impact of the national drug policy on pharmaceuticals in two provinces in South Africa

Provincial baseline surveys on NDP were carried out between 1996 and 1998 in eight of South Africa's nine provinces. These Surveys were conducted to e....

Responsible alcoholic beverages sales and services training intervention in Cape Town: a pilot study

The aim of this study was to pilot a responsible beverage service intervention in order to reduce alcohol-impaired road use. The sample included 20 sh....

Educator supply and demand in the South African public education system: integrated report

Education plays a key role in the development of any society. Responding to the need for empirical evidence on the demand for and supply of public edu....

Baseline assessment: European Union partnerships for the delivery of primary health care programme in South Africa

In their quest to strengthen the delivery of PHC services in South Africa, the European Union, the Government of South Africa and UK's Department for ....

Do customers flee from HIV?: a survey of HIV stigma and its potential economic consequences on small businesses in Tshwane (Pretoria), South Africa

HIV stigma and discrimination affect care seeking behavior and may also affect entrepreneurial activity. We interview 2382 individuals in Pretoria, So....

Self-report and dry blood spot measurement of antiretroviral medications as markers of adherence in pregnant women in rural South Africa

Antiretroviral (ARV) adherence is essential to prevent mother-to-child transmission of HIV. This study compared self-reported adherence versus ARV det....